Early detection may save your life or the life of someone you love.

First know what is normal for you by looking at yourself in the mirror with your hands on your hips and your shoulders back.

How to examine your breasts

  • Use pads of fingers
  • Press firmly, using a circular motion cover the entire breast from the outside to the centre
  • Examine collarbone and underarm area

Look for

  • Puckering or inflammation
  • Nipple discharge
  • New shape or size
  • Dimpling/ orange peel skin
  • Nipple inversion and changes in direction
  • Swelling in your armpit or around your collarbone
  • Rash
  • Crusting of the nipple or surrounding area


  • Lumps or thickening
  • Constant pain in your breast or armpit

When to examine

  • In the shower
  • While getting dressed
  • While looking in the mirror
  • Lying down
  • Whenever you want

Best time to check

  • A few days after your period ends or anytime post menopause.


Check the link below for a more in depth guide on how to perform a breast self-exam.